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MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE

SalaM College of Health Sciences

SalaM College of Health Science (SCHS) is one of the four Colleges in Unity University. Initially it was established as SalaM Nurses College (SNC), it was the first private nurses College in the country established through SalaM Health Care PLC by the strong desire of Sheik Mohammed Hussein Al-Amoudi owner and Chairman of MIDROC Ethiopia.

The initial objective was to train highly qualified, skilled, dependable and dedicated nurses, who could render the best nursing care for its future SalaM General Hospital. However, SNC was absorbed into Unity University in 2011 and currently, SCHS is functioning as one of the four Colleges of Unity University training nurses at BSc. Degree level.

Currently SCHS accredited by HERQA to deliver two additional BSc. Degree Programs – namely Medical Laboratory Science Technologists (MLST) and Public Health Officer (PHO) beside the Nursing BSc. Degree Program it has been delivering for the last number of years.

Bachelor of Science Degree in Medical Laboratory Science 

1.   PROGRAM PROFILE

For completion of the MLS program, a total of four years study duration is required. There are 06 general courses, 16 supportive courses and 33 core courses in total. These courses have a total of 146 cr. hrs. or 243 ECTs.

Students go through the practical attachment, Team Training Program (TTP), submit student research proposal and undertake student research project to build their practical and research capabilities. After students finish, all these theoretical and practical courses they are expected to pass the comprehensive examination of the school as well as the National Board examination or the Qualifying examinations for registration and licensure before engaging in the industry or health care practice.

2.   OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAM

     1.1 General Objectives

·            To train medical laboratory science technologists who are capable of providing   comprehensive health laboratory services in hospitals, regional laboratories and health centers and are also capable of training subordinate laboratory personnel

·            To conduct research activities in the area of clinical laboratory sciences and public health based on the existing problems and felt needs of the society.

·            To participate in community services and to take active part in solving general problems related to health.

 

1.2 Specific Objectives

           The specific objectives of Medical Laboratory Sciences program are to train:

·            Qualified medical laboratory science technologists to work in health institutions, higher institutions, research institutions and industries;

·            Graduates those are capable of developing and promoting the medical laboratory profession for human good;

·            Competent medical laboratory science technologists to meet the human power needs of various health and health related institutions;

·            Graduates who are equipped with skills to utilize classical and advanced laboratory techniques in clinical diagnosis of human disease. (In both clinical and public health laboratory settings);

·            Graduates who can test and analyze tissue, blood, and other physiological specimens collected for the purposes of criminal and other legal investigations;

·            Graduates with managerial, supervisory and quality assurance responsibility;

·            Graduates who can participate in identifying and solving the community problems in various health perspectives and 

·            Competent technologists who can maintain the professional code of ethics.

3.   GRADUATE PROFILE

A student who successfully completes the B. Sc. Degree in Medical Laboratory Sciences at SCHS will be able to apply his/her knowledge, skills, and attitudes as follows:

      Knowledge

·            Understand management, policies, principles and procedures of the  medical laboratory sciences;

·            Use his/her critical thinking to improve the laboratory-working

     environment;

·            Familiarize him/herself with latest scientific findings to improve the quality of medical/ clinical laboratory services rendered to the society;

·            Recognize and interpret laboratory findings and correlate with common disease pathogenesis;

·            Identify factors that affect procedures and test results, and suggest appropriate action within predetermined limits;

·            Recognize ways of surveillance of communicable diseases;

·            Confirm and verify results through an in-depth knowledge of scientific methods, principles and instrumentation theory;

·            Establish and monitor programs to ensure the accuracy of tests and

·            Recognize laboratory logistic procurement, evaluation, setup specification and equipment auditing

     Attitude

·               Maintain the medical laboratory ethical code of conduct standards and contribute to stewardship of their profession;

·               Advocate the proper use of laboratory tests;

·               Recognize and adhere, institute and promote safety, quality control and quality assurance in clinical and public health laboratories;

·               Participate in policy, professional standards, continuing professional development issues pertaining to medical laboratory profession and 

·               Respectful and compassionate to patients, their relatives and other professionals

    Skill

·               Perform routine and advanced chemical, biological, hematological, immunologic microscopic, and molecular tests, on clinical, environmental, drugs, toxins and specimens of public importance;

·               Participate and contribute in surveillance and control of communicable disease and information dissemination in diseases outbreak situations;

·               Assist, participate and conduct operational and basic research and involve in development of new medical laboratory diagnostic technologies;

·               Plan and monitor laboratory logistic procurement, evaluation, setup, auditing and safe disposal;

·               Provide professional services, leadership and quality assurance in clinical/public health laboratories;

·               Monitor and maintain proper functioning of medical laboratory equipments/reagents;

·               Supervise medical/clinical laboratory technicians;

·               Develop, evaluate and update laboratory standard operational procedures Demonstrate leadership and management skills in health/research institutions;

·               Engage in policy, professional standards, and continuing professional development issues pertaining to medical laboratory profession;

·               Collect, preserve, store and transport referral specimens for proper and safe testing

·               Communicate effectively both verbally and  in writing;

·               Collect, document, retrieve and interpret laboratory data clearly and safely

4.   ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

a)      Regular Program

              To be admitted to the regular Program, candidates must:

·         Meet the set criteria of the Ministry of Education (MoE);

·         Satisfy the academic rules and regulations of the University;

·         Be physically and mentally healthy and

·         Applicants with minor physical problems that would not hinder effective training could be considered for placement as appropriate

 

b)     Advanced Standing Program

Admission of the advanced standing applicants to the School of Medical Laboratory Sciences will be made based on the existing University’s rules and regulations. Applicants can be enrolled in a regular education program to undertake their studies.

·            Those who have diploma in Medical Laboratory Sciences

5.    DURATION OF STUDY

      The duration of study will be four years.

6.   GRADUATION REQUIREMENT

In order to graduate with Bachelor of Science Degree in Medical Laboratory Sciences, a candidate should take and pass all the recommended courses with the range of 146 and 243 ECTS and should score CGPA of at least 2.00 and should pass comprehensive examination.

A student, who has ‘F’ grade in any of the courses can’t be graduated. Students with “D” grades in professional courses are NOT eligible for graduation. The minimum passing mark for the Comprehensive exam (Internal plus external) is 50%. If a student fails to score the above mentioned result, he or she should be delayed for three months. During this period the student will be attached to hospital laboratories for further practice and/or given an assignment and re-evaluated. This should be conducted until competency is ascertained.

7.   DEGREE NOMENCLATURE

The degree to be awarded to the students after completion of the program will bear the     following name:

       “Bachelor of Science Degree in Medical Laboratory Sciences”

        የሳይንስ ባችለር ዲግሪ በሕክምና ላቦራቶሪ ሳይንስ

8. SUMMARY OF COURSES 

 

No.

Course No.

 

Course Title

 

Cr.

Hrs.

Cont. Hrs.

ECTS

 

Prerequisites

Remark

 

  CORE COURSES/PROFESSIONAL COURSES

 

Theory

Practical

1

MeLS -112

Principles of Genetics

2

32

-

3

None

 

 

2

MeLS-104

Professional ethics

1

16

-

2

None

 

3

MeLS -213

Instrumentation

2

32

-

3

MeLS-211

 

4

MeLS-211

Introduction to MLS

3

48

-

5

None

 

5

MeLS- 235

Basic Molecular Biology

3

48

-

5

MeLS -112

 

6

MeLS- 212

 

Hematology I

4

48

48

7

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

7

MeLS-214

Medical Parasitology I

4

48

48

7

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

8

MeLS-216

Medical Bacteriology I

3

32

48

5

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

9

MeLS-234

Serology

3

32

48

5

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

10

Phar – 206

 

Basic Pharmacology

3

48

-

5

Phys - 102,Anat - 106

 

11

MeLS - 335

Medical Bacteriology II

4

48

48

7

MeLS-216

 

12

MeLS-353

Practicum I

3

-

-

5

MeLS- 212, MeLS-214,

MeLS-216, MeLS-234

 

 

Clinical

13

MeLS-355

Immuno-Hematology

3

32

48

5

MeLS-211

 

14

MeLS-333

Hematology II

4

48

48

7

MeLS- 212

 

 

15

MeLS-331

Medical Parasitology II

4

48

48

7

MeLS-214

 

16

MeLS-312

Clinical Chemistry I

4

48

48

7

Phys-102, Anat–106, AnaC- 101, MeLS -213, AnaC- 101

 

 

 

17

MeLS-356

Medical Mycology

2

16

48

3

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

18

MeLS-314

Medical Virology

3

32

48

5

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

19

MeLS-336

Public Health Microbiology

2

32

-

3

MeLS-216 ,  MeLS - 335

 

20

MeLS-316

Histopathology

3

32

48

5

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

21

MeLS- 334

Practicum II

3

-

-

5

MeLS-353 , MeLS-336 , MeLS-312, MeLS-314

Clinical

22

MeLS-211

Basic Immunology

3

48

-

5

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

23

MeLS-433

Clinical Chemistry II

4

48

48

7

MeLS-312

 

24

MeLS- 455

Urine and Body Fluid Analysis

 

4

 

48

48

7

Phys - 102, Anat - 106

 

25

MeLS-413

Toxicology

2

32

-

3

Phys - 102, Anat – 106, Phar – 206

 

 

26

MeLS-453

Practicum III

3

-

-

5

MeLS- 334, MeLS-455,  MeLS-433

Clinical

 

No.

Course No.

 

Course Title

 

Cr.

Hrs.

Cont. Hrs.

ECTS

 

Prerequisites

Remark

 

  CORE COURSES/PROFESSIONAL COURSES

 

Theory

Practical

27

MeLS-451

Student Research Proposal

1

-

-

2

ComH-302 , ComH-205, ComH-202

 

28

MeLS-431

Practicum IV

4

-

-

7

MeLS-353, MeLS- 334, MeLS-453, MeLS- 455, MeLS-433, MeLS-314, MeLS-356

Clinical

 

29

MeLS-414

Health Laboratory Management

 

2

 

32

 

 

ComH-401

 

30

MeLS -436

Quality Assurance in MLS

 

2

 

32

-

3

None

 

31

MeLS-456

Vector Biology

2

32

-

3

None

 

32

MeLS- 452

Student Research Project

2

32

-

3

ComH-302, ComH-205, ComH-202

 

33

MeLS-416

Advanced Research and Lab. Attachment

2

-

-

3

MeLS-353,  MeLS-334, MeLS-453, MeLS-455, MeLS-433, MeLS-314, MeLS-356, MeLS-312, MeLS-331, MeLS-333, MeLS-234,

Intern

34

MeLS-432

 

Comprehensive Exam

 

P/F

-

-

P/F

MeLS-353,  MeLS-334, MeLS-453, MeLS 455, MeLS-433, MeLS-314, MeLS-356, MeLS-312, MeLS-331, MeLS-333, MeLS-234

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUPPORTIVE COURSES

35

OrgC- 103

 

Organic Chemistry

3

48

-

5

None

 

36

 

OrgC-105

 

Organic Chemistry Lab.

1

-

48

2

None

 

37

AnaC- 101

 

Analytical Chemistry

 

3

48

-

5

None

 

38

AnaC- 103

Analytical Chemistry Lab.

1

-

48

2

None

 

39

Anat - 106

Human Anatomy

3

48

-

5

None

 

40

Phys - 102

Human Physiology

3

48

-

5

None

 

41

Bioc - 104

Biochemistry

3

48

-

5

Organic Chemistry

 

42

Nurs - 102

First Aid & Accident Prevention

1

16

-

2

Phys-102, Anat-106

 

43

ComH-205

Biostatics

3

48

-

5

None

 

44

ComH-203

Environmental Health

2

32

-

3

None

 

45

ComH-202

Epidemiology

3

48

-

5

ComH-205

 

 

No.

Course No.

 

Course Title

 

Cr.

Hrs.

Cont. Hrs.

Cont. Hrs.

 

Prerequisites

Remark

SUPPORTIVE COURSES

Theory

Theory

 

 

46

ComH-205

Health Education

2

32

-

3

ComH-202

 

47

ComH-302

Research Methodology

2

32

-

3

ComH-202, ComH-205

 

48

ComH-401

Health Service Management

2

32

-

3

None

 

49

ComH-406

TTP

4

-130

4

7

MeLS-353,  MeLS-334, MeLS-453, MeLS-455, MeLS-433, MeLS-314, MeLS-356, MeLS-312, MeLS-331, MeLS-333, MeLS-234,

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

GENERAL COURSES

50

Enla-101

 

Communicative English Skill

 

3

48

-

5

None

 

51

Psyc-103

Intr. to Psychology

2

32

-

3

None

 

52

Soci - 105

Intr. to Sociology

2

32

-

3

None

 

53

CvEt- 105

Civic & Ethical Education

3

48

-

5

None

 

54

Comp- 202

 

Introduction to Computer Application

2

16

48

5

None

 

55

EnLa-102

Basic Writing Skill

3

48

-

5

None

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grand Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

  1. COURSE DETAILS

 EnLa 101. Communicative English Skills, cr.hrs 3, ECTS 5

Pre-requisite: None , Laboratory: None

Course Description

It is obvious that English is a medium of instruction in higher institutions of Ethiopia. Besides, it is also a widely used language around the world, and has become the language of communication at different levels and forms. Thus, this course is intended to develop and improve students' language competence. To this end, this course gives students a chance to improve the major language skills namely reading, speaking, listening and writing. It also enables them to develop their vocabulary and grammar awareness. Hence, this course is aimed at developing trainees’ communicative abilities in English which will help students to develop their communicative skills and oral language competence in English. Generally, this course will cover the specific language aspects described below.

Developing basic functions of English language skills: reading (scanning, skimming, reading for details, summarizing, understanding the structure of a text); listening (listening for the gist, listening for details, recognizing discourse markers, noticing the structure of a lecture, understanding speaker intentions, recognizing signposting, attending and following skills); writing (summarizing a text, synthesizing choppy sentences, writing argumentative texts, writing research report, writing a project report); speaking (introducing oneself and others, interviewing, discussions, stating and supporting propositions, stating one’s opinions, organizing and taking part in a debate, making a persuasive speech, questioning); vocabulary (working out meanings from context, synonyms, antonyms, collocations, definitions); grammar (relative clauses, modals, voice, conditionals, tense, reported speech).

This course helps the nurse students develop and practice effective cross-cultural communication skills to build trust and rapport, reduce misunderstandings and frustration, save time, prevent conflict and, most importantly, improve safety and quality of care for their clients.

Psyc-103. Introduction to Psychology. cr.hrs 2, Lecture – 2hrs /week

Pre-requisite: None,

Course Description:

This course will include: Introduction, psychology of human behavior, sensation, attention and perception, personality and its development, emotions and human behavior, educational psychology, problems of personal and social adjustment, developmental psychology

Soci-105. Introduction to Sociology, cr.hrs.  2, Lecture -2 hrs. /week

Pre-requisite: None,

Course Description

Introduces the subject matter of Sociology; some of the ideas of the classical sociological thinkers; definitions of various sociological concepts (social values, social norms, culture); basic elements of social life (groups, institutions, society); social change; social processes (stratification, social class).

CvEt-105.     Civic and Ethical Studies, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: None

Course Description

This course includes basic concepts of civic, relevancy related to our country and the principles and application of democracy and human right.

OrgC-103.    Organic Chemistry, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: None

Course Description

Knowledge of the structure, functionality, and reactivity of organic molecules is critical for the understanding of numerous and disparate phenomena, from biological and biochemical processes (enzyme-substrate interactions), to medicine (pharmaceuticals), to the properties of materials (polymers). This course covers the basic and fundamental principles of organic chemistry, allowing the student to begin understanding the language of organic chemists. A broad overview of the properties and characteristics of organic molecules is provided, and several key reactions and reaction mechanisms are discussed. Functional groups in organic chemistry; stereochemistry; structural elucidation and molecular spectroscopy; classes of organic reactions; aromatic compounds; carbonyl compounds, and biological molecules. Technique in experimental organic chemistry: recrystalization, melting point determination, simple and fractional distillation, stem distillation, functional group identification, organic compounds in three dimensions using models, preparation of aspirin, soap, esters, qualitative organic analysis and chromatography

AnaC-101. Analytical Chemistry, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: None

Course Description

Introduction to analytical chemistry; acids and bases and neutralization titration, complexion formation and complex metric titration; redox equilibrium and redox titration; measurement of dissolved oxygen and chemical oxygen demand (COD); Gravimetric analysis; chromatographic techniques: paper, thin layer, gas chromatography and HPLC; spectrophotometry.

AnaC-103. Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, cr.hrs 1, Lecture – None

Pre-requisite: Chem 276, Laboratory: 3hrs. /week,

Course Description

Selected experiments on acid–base titration, redox titration, complexometric titration, gravimetric analysis, total dissolved and volatile solids, COD, pH measurement and visual colorimetry.

Comp-202. Introduction to Computer Science, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 1hr. /week,

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: 3hrs. /week,

Course Description

This course will deal with: An overview of Computer Science, the development of computers, data representation, logical organization of a computer system, computer software, computer arithmetic, computer system architecture, computer network and communication, problem solving using computers, operating systems (single and multi-user), windows environment, word processing, data analysis (EPIINFO & SPSS) and programming

EnLa -102. Sophomore English/ Basic Writing Skill, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: None

Course Description

This course will encompass: Composition skills from paragraph to essay level with emphasis on descriptive, narrative, exposition and argumentative writing; the mechanism of research paper writing; the production of term papers.

 Anat-106. Human Anatomy, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: None

Course Description

Introduction to human body, Cellular organization of the body, Tissue of human body, The intigumentery system, The skeletal system, Muscular system, The nervous system, Endocrine system, The cardiovascular system, The respiratory system, The digestive system, The urinary system, The reproductive system.

Phys-102. Human Physiology, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs./week,

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: None

Course Description

The course subject matter comprised of: introduction to physiology; homeostasis; cell and cell membranes; body fluid composition; excitable tissue (neurons); autonomic Nervous system, blood physiology; cardiovascular physiology; respiratory physiology; renal physiology, GIT-Physiology; endocrine and reproductive physiology.

Bioc-104. Biochemistry, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite:  Organic Chemistry, Laboratory: None

Course Description

Structure and metabolism of major biomolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids; principles of enzymology: general properties, vitamins and coenzymes, enzymology in pharmacology and clinical diagnosis; the chemistry and metabolism of nucleotides; storage and expression of genetic information.

MeLS – 112. Principle of Genetics, cr.hrs 2,  

Pre-requisite:  None, Laboratory: None

Course Description

This course deals with history of genetics and nucleic acids, gene expression and its eukaryotes and prokaryotes, transmission genetics, chromosomes and heredity, fundamentals Mendelian genetics: segregation, independent assortment, probability, Mendelian inheritance autosomal and sex linked inheritance, application of Mendelian genetics, non-Mendelian the eukaryotic cell cycle and cell division; chromosome structure; Cytogenetics, sex determination mutation, microbial genetics, extrachromosomal and mobile genetic elements, and gene mapping

MeLS-211. Introduction to Medical Laboratory Sciences, cr.hrs 3, /week,

Pre-requisite: None,

Course Description

This course describes about introduction to medical laboratory science, laboratory organization, record keeping, and roles in disease diagnosis, prevention and control, safety in the laboratory, specimen collection, transportation and storage. It also describes the use of laboratory instruments including microscopes, centrifuges, colorimeters, autoclaves, incubator glass and plastic ware, pipetting, measuring of buffer and reagent solutions is also part of this course. Use, care and cleaning of laboratory equipment and wares, sterilization, disinfection, decontamination and disposal of laboratory wastes will be practiced.

Nurs-102. First aid and Accident Prevention, cr.hrs 1, Lecture – 1hr. /week,

Pre-requisite: None,

Course Description

This course will cover: Introduction to first aid and accident prevention; respiratory emergencies and

artificial respiration; wounds; dressing and bandaging; specific injuries; shock; bone and joint

injuries; poisoning; burns; sudden illness and unconsciousness

MeLS-301. Professional Ethics, cr.hrs 1, Lecture – 1hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: None,

Course Description

This course contains: Introduction to ethics, philosophical underpinnings and virtues adhered to by

health professionals, laws related to the local and global practice of Medical Laboratory Science, Interpersonal relationships; Principles of confidentiality and privacy responsibility; Right and obligation

of   medical laboratory professionals; Duties and responsibilities of medical laboratory professionals;

Patient’s bill of rights; code of ethics for medical laboratory technologists practicing in Ethiopia; Good laboratory practice.

MeLS-213,  Instrumentation, cr.hrs 2, Lecture – 1hr. /week,

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: 3 hrs./week  

Course Description

General principle of instrumentation; Radio isotopic techniques; Safety and application of

radioisotopes; Spectroscopic techniques: UV, Visible, IR, NMR, turbidimetry & nephlometry,

atomic absorption; principles, instrumentation and application; Electrophoretic techniques:

general principles, support media, electrophoresis of proteins, isoelectric focusing,

2-diamentional electrophoresis, western blotting, Electrophoresis of nucleic acids;

Chromatographic techniques: general principle, instrumentation and application of column,

adsorption, partition, ion exchange, exclusion, affinity chromatography, HPLC, GLC, and TLC

and PC; Electrochemical techniques: PH electrode, ion selective and gas-sensing electrodes

and Clark oxygen electrode, biosensors, flow cytometry principle and application   

ComH-205. Biostatistics, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: None,

Course Description

This course will deal with: Theoretical and practical instruction on elementary biostatistics including:

collecting and presentation of data, computation of descriptive quantities, probability, some

probability distribution such as binomial, normal distributions, sampling techniques, estimating

and test of hypothesis and demography and health statistics.

ComH-202. Epidemiology, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: Biostatistics 

Course Description

Introduction; definition of Epidemiological terms; determination and purpose of epidemiology;

natural history of disease; level of prevention; concepts in infectious disease epidemiology;

descriptive epidemiology; analysis of disease occurrence by time, place and person;

surveillance and investigation of disease outbreaks; data quality, sampling methods; analytical

epidemiology, types of analytical study, statistical significance, measure of association, establishing

causation, source of bias, experimental studies.

Phar–206. Basic Pharmacology, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 3hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: Phys 211, Laboratory: None

Course Description

The course will include: Introductory parts of pharmacological sciences; general principle of

pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and pharmcodynamics of drugs; mode of action of drugs on

various body parts; clinical use, mode of administration and action of drugs; dosage,

adverse effects, contraindication and precaution of drugs; principle of chemotherapeutic

agents and interference of drugs on various types of laboratory tests.

ComH-203. Environmental Health, cr.hrs 2, Lecture hrs. 2/week,

Pre-requisite: None,

Course Description

The course deals with general concepts related to environmental control activities relevant

to health promotion and disease prevention. It focuses on the control of water supply, soil,

control of insects and rodents, food hygiene & housing.

ComH – 205. 22. Health Education, cr.hrs 2, Lecture hrs. 2

Pre-requisite: None,

Course Description

In this course the following topics will be included: Principle of health education; Health and

behavior; Motivation; Communication with individuals and community; Audio visual aids and

informational materials in health education; different field of action for health education;

Planning and management in health education; Research in health education.

MeLS-235. Basic Molecular Biology, cr.hrs 3, Lecture 3 hrs/week,

Pre-requisite: MeLS-112   

Course Description

The course describes components and structures of the nucleic acids, DNA replication, transcription

and translation and enzymes involved in the process both in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The

 course also describes expression, mutation, repair and transfer of genes. Basic procedures

used in molecular biology including gene extraction, gene cloning, PCR and sequence analysis will

also be described to clearly indicate its application in medicine.

MeLS – 211. Basic Immunology,  cr.hrs, 3, Lecture 3 hrs/week,

Pre-requisite: Phys-102, Anat-106   

Course Description

The course encompasses the topics: The immune system, Cells and organs of the immune system, Innate Immunity, Complement system, Antigens, Immunoglobulins: Structure , Function, Isotypes, Allotypes and Idiotypes, Genetics, Humeral immunity, Antibody Formation, Monoclonal antibodies, MHC and T cell receptors, Cell mediated immunity, Antigen processing and presentation, Cell-Cell interactions in immune responses, Cytokines, Maturation, Activation and Regulation of Lymphocytes, Immune System in Health and Disease, Tolerance and Autoimmunity, Hypersensitivity reactions, transplantation, Tumor Immunology, Assessment of immune component, and Basic immunological techniques

MeLS – 211. Serology, cr.hrs 3,

Pre-requisite: Basic Immunology,  

Course Description

This course describes the overview of immune system; antibodies and complement system; Immunological Techniques, preparation and preservation of serological specimens; Dilution, serology of syphilis; febrile agglutinins (Widal and Weil-Felix tests); Serology of Streptolysin O (SLO) and Antistreptolysin O (ASO); Toxoplasmosis; Helicobacter Pylori;; Common Serologic Tests for Viral Infections; Diagnosis of HIV Infection; Hepatitis Viruses, Infectious mononucleosis; Diagnosis of autoimmune disease ; systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid diseases, Rheumatoid arthritis; Acute-phase reactants; Urine pregnancy test and Quality assurance in serology laboratory

MeLS-456. Vector Biology, cr.hrs  2, Lecture hrs.  2hrs/week

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: None

Course Description:

This course deals with Introduction; classification of arthropods; anatomy and physiology of arthropods; general and specific methods of vector control; biology of different vectors; arthropod and insecticide preservation; prevention and control strategies [Culicidae (mosquitoe), Simulidae (black flies), Phlebotamidae (sand flies),Glosinidae (Tsetse),Tabindae,Muscidae,Siphonaptera (the fleas),Anoplura (the lice), Acarinae( Ticks and Mites), Hemiptera (Bed bugs and Triatomine bugs),Crustacea (aquatic), Coakroaches,Malacology]

MeLS-214. Medical Parasitology I, cr.hrs  4, Lecture hrs.  3 hrs/week

Pre-requisite: Phys-102, Anat-106   , Laboratory: 3hrs

      Course Description

This course is designed to equip medical laboratory sciences students with the basic concepts of

medical Parasitology and general laboratory diagnosis of parasitic diseases of human importance;

to provide the students with basic knowledge and understanding of the medically important

helminths and their detection and identification in different clinical specimens.

MeLS-331. Medical Parasitology II, cr.hrs 4,   

Pre-requisite: Medical Parasitology I, Laboratory: 3 hrs

Course Description

This course describes protozoa of medical importance. Geographical distribution, Morphological

features, Life cycles, clinical manifestations, modes of transmission, prevention and

control, immunopathological aspects, diagnosis and treatment. The biological and clinical

perspectives gained in this course will assist students in the recognition, evaluation and

management of public health problems or clinical practice involving medically important

protozoa.

MeLS-353. Practicum I, cr.hrs 3 (9 hours practical session per week),  

Pre-requisites: Introduction to Medical Lab Sciences, Hematology I,      Med. Parasitology I,

Introduction to Bacteriology, Urinalysis and Body fluids, , Laboratory: None

Course description

Collection of venous and capillary blood; anticoagulant preparation; preparation of blood

smear; determination of hemoglobin and packed cell volume (hematocrit); erythrocyte sedimentation

rate (ESR); white blood cell count, platelet count; differential cell count; Red blood cell count;

Romanowsky staining techniques; preparation and examination of blood films; physical, chemical

and microscopic examination of urine; Gram staining, acid fast staining, negative staining; sterilization

using autoclave and hot air oven, wet mount preparation and examination of stool, stool

formol-ether concentration technique, detection and identification of medically important helminthes

from clinical specimen.

MeLS - 212. Hematology –I, cr.hrs 4,  

Pre-requisite: Phys-102, Anat-106    Laboratory:  3 hrs/week

Course Description

This course deals with an overview of the history of hematology, blood cells’ origin and development, composition and function of blood. It equips the student with fundamental knowledge and skill on blood collection, preparation and mode of actions of anticoagulants; preparation of different Romano sky stains; staining and examination of blood smear; principle and procedures of manual hematology tests (Total WBC, differential WBC count, RBC, platelet, Hb, Hct, Red cell indices, reticulocytes count, ESR and cell count from different body fluids) following Standard Operation Procedures.

MeLS- 333. Hematology II, cr.hrs 2, Lecture hrs. 2

Pre-requisite: Hematology-I Laboratory:  3 hrs/week

Course Description

This course is designed to provide adequate knowledge and skill about: Normal and abnormal morphology of red blood cells; classification and laboratory diagnosis of anemia; osmotic fragility test of red cells; leukocyte disorders (non malignant and malignant); Immunocytochemistry; hematological cell markers and methods of determination; an introductory of hemostasis; laboratory aspects of bleeding and coagulation disorders; Lupus erythematous cell preparation and examination; preparation, staining and examination of bone marrow smears; automation in hematology; quality assurance in hematology; reference range determination of hematological tests and hematological finding in HIV/AIDS.

MeLS-355. Immunohematology, cr.hrs  3, Lecture 2 hrs/week

Pre-requisite: Hematology, Laboratory: 3 hrs/week

Course Description

This course includes an introduction to immunohematology; blood group genetics; the antigens of the ABO blood group systems; techniques of ABO blood grouping; Rh blood group systems and grouping; principles of anti-globulin test; compatibility testing; major and minor compatibility tests, emergency compatibility test; anticoagulants for storage of bloods; transfusion therapy; selection and collection of blood from donors and transfusion reactions; preparation of blood and blood products such as, whole blood, leucocytes, platelets and their storage condition; and disease transmitted through blood transfusion and Quality Assurance in Immunohematology

MeLS-316.  Histopathology, cr.hrs  3, Lecture  2 hrs/week   

Pre-requisite: Phys-102, Anat-106    Laboratory: 3hrs/week

Course Description

This course is designed to equip BSC degree Medical Laboratory Science students with overview of Introduction to pathologic tissue reactions and changes, basic Knowledge and Skills of diagnostic techniques in histopathology. Handling, shipment and record keeping of clinical specimens.Preparation and processing of small biopsies.it gives more emphasis on histopathological techniques; fixation and fixative, tissue processing, tissue sectioning, staining and Immunocytochemistry of histopathological diagnosis and other pathology examination methods.

MeLS-334. Practicum II, cr.hrs 2, Lecture hrs. 2

Pre-requisites: Hematology I (MeLS3131), Hematology II (MeLS3132), Immunohematology, (MeLS3133), Histopathology (MeLS 3134)

Course Description

This course is designed to provide adequate knowledge, skill and attitude about: methods of blood collection; anticoagulant preparation; counting of blood cells, determination of hemoglobin, hematocrit, red cell indices and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR); blood cell count; blood smear preparation, staining and examination of blood films, tests for anemia and leukemia. Osmotic Fragility of red cells; Lupus erythematous cell examination ,methods of cell markers determination; bleeding and clotting disorder tests, Automation in hematology.ABO and Rh blood grouping; anti-globulin test; compatibility testing; preparation and storage of blood and blood products. Handling, shipment and record keeping of histopathology clinical specimens; Preparation and processing of biopsies. Practicing histopathological techniques. Additionally 20 % of the whole time will be allocated for courses that found in practicum I.

ComH–302. Research Methodology, cr.hrs 2, Lecture – 2 hrs/week,

Pre-requisite: ComH-311, Laboratory: None

  Course description:

The following topics will be included in this course: Introduction to the course; how to select a research project; how to write Background of study, Problem statement, Significance of study, Literature review; Research objectives; how to develop research methodology; how to analyze and interpret data; organization of a research project administration, evaluation and utilization of research project; and literature appraisal

MeLS-216. Medical Bacteriology I, cr.hrs 3,  

Pre-requisite: Phys-102, Anat-106   , Laboratory: 3 hrs/week

Course Description

This course is planned to offer the theoretical and practical knowledge on historical background of bacteriology; morphological classification of bacteria; molecular structure and physiological response; bacterial genetics; host- parasite interaction; normal flora; oxygen requirement and staining reaction; sterilization, disinfection and decontamination of microorganisms; types and uses of culture media, inoculation procedures; storage of culture media; quality control of prepared culture media; biochemical and serological tests.; preparation of reagents used in bacteriology. Mechanism of action and antimicrobial drug susceptibility tests.

MeLS-335). Medical Bacteriology II, cr.hrs 4,  

Pre-requisite: Medical Bacteriology I (MeLS3161), Laboratory: 3 hrs/week

Course Description

This course describes methods of collection, transportation and processing of clinical samples and examination of medically important pathogenic bacteria (Gram positive cocci; gram positive rods, Gram negative cocci; Gram negative coccobacilli; Enterobacteriace, other gram negative rods; Spirochates; Chlamydiae; Mycobacterium; Rickettsiae; Mycoplasma and other miscellaneous bacteria). It illustrates srategies in laboratory diagnosis of infective syndromes (the investigation of gastrointestinal infections, Urinary tract infections, wound infections, respiratory infections, Sexually transmitted diseases, meningitis and miscellaneous infections) and Quality Assurance in Bacteriology laboratory.

MeLS-314. Medical Virology, cr.hrs 3, Lecture – 2hrs/week

Pre-requisite: None, Laboratory: 3 hrs/week

Course Description

This course will include: Properties, classification, and, replication of viruses (viral genetics); pathogenesis; laboratory propagation of medically important viruses ; preservation methods; laboratory diagnosis of medically important viral infections, specimen collection; cell culture; antibody detection; rapid detection methods; There will be detailed study of selected viral diseases (e.g. HIV /AIDS; rubella, influenza; HSV); Emerging and re- emerging viral diseases; Emphasis will be given to diagnostic techniques: isolation, animal inoculation, bio-typing; direct microscopy; serological techniques including agglutination, CFT; Weil-Felix reaction; IF methods. (Quality Assurance in Medical Virology)

MeLS-336. Public Health Medical Microbiology, cr.hrs 2,  

Pre-requisites: Medical bacteriology I and II,

Course Description

This course will cover the history of public health microbiology, food microbiology and it development, major groups of food products; their safety and quality; methods of sampling of food; sources of spoilage of foods; factors that contribute to grow or inhibit growth of microorganism in food, methods of identification of microorganisms and their products in food; types of water, their safety, quality; sources of pollution of water; bacteriological investigation of water; types of beverages, their safety and quality; source of pollution of beverages; and bacteriological investigation of beverages. Quality Assurance in Public Health Microbiology to ensure laboratory staff, clinicians and patients that laboratory test results are reliable, reproducible and relevant.

MeLS-453. Practicum III, cr.hrs 3,  

Pre-requisite: Medical Microbiology, Course Description

This course is a practical course on collection, transportation, processing and storage of microbiological specimen; sterilization and disinfection of laboratory materials and equipments; preparation of reagents used in the examination of microbiological specimen; simple, differential and special staining used for bacterial identification; preparation, inoculation and incubation of culture media and reading of bacterial and fungal growth on culture; isolation and identification of different species of bacteria and fungi using biochemical tests and performing antimicrobial sensitivity testing; diagnosis of viral infections using microscopic, serological and cell culture techniques.

MeLS-312. Clinical Chemistry I, cr.hrs 4,  

Pre-requisite:  Phys-102, Anat-106, AnaC-101, MeLS-213, Laboratory: 3 hrs/week

Course Description

This course deals with principles of major Clinical Chemistry instruments and solutions; collection and preparation of specimen for Clinical Chemistry analysis; determination of glucose, proteins, renal function tests and lipid profile from clinical specimen. It presents the physiological basis, principle and procedure, and clinical significance of test results, including quality control and reference values.

MeLS-433. Clinical Chemistry II, cr.hrs 4,  Lecture – 3hrs/week

Pre-requisite:  Clinical Chemistry I, Laboratory: 3 hrs/week

 Course Description

This course deals with principles of diagnostic enzymology, electrolyte, clinical endocrinology, tumor markers, automation and quality assurance in clinical chemistry. It also encompasses determination of liver function tests (LFT) & measurement of electrolytes, hormone, and tumor markers from clinical specimen.

MeLS-455. Urine and Body Fluid Analysis, cr.hrs 4,  

Pre-requisite: Phys-102, Anat-106,, Laboratory:  3 hrs/week

Course Description

This course is designed to equip Medical Laboratory Science students with basic knowledge on overview of anatomy and physiology of urinary system, urine and body fluid formation and composition; collection and preservation of urine and body fluid specimen; physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine and body fluids; application of quality assurance for laboratory examination of urine and body fluids.

MeLS-413 . Toxicology, cr.hrs 2,  

Pre-requisite:  Phys-102, Anat-106,   

Course Description

The course will encompass: Introduction to toxicology; apparatus, reference compounds; clinical aspects of analytical toxicology; the role of clinical toxicology laboratory; general laboratory findings in toxicology laboratory (Biochemical and hematological tests); diagnosis and management of acute poisoning; different toxicological tests (color, thin layer chromatography, UV and visible spectrophotometer, enzyme immunoassay, radioimmunoassay);summary and analysis of toxicological data for the detection and identification of common poisons and toxins.

 MeLS-431 .   Practicum IV, cr.hrs 4,

Pre-requisite: MeLS-353, MeLS-334, MeLS-453, MeLS-455, MeLS-433     

ComH-401. Health Service Management, cr.hrs 2, Lecture – 2 hrs. /week,

Pre-requisite: None,

MeLS-436.  Quality Assurance in Medical Laboratory Sciences, cr.hrs 2,  Lecture -2hrs/week    

Pre-requisite: None,   

Course Description

This course is designed to give students the ability to apply the basic principles of quality assurance in a medical laboratory at different settings. To this end, emphasis is given to enabling students in knowledge, skill and attitude for the implementation of laboratory quality system and development of quality laboratory results.

MeLS-451. Student Research Proposal, cr.hrs 1,  

Pre-requisite: ComH-302, ComH-205, ComH-202,   

Course Description

Topics of current interest to the student- advisor and the country at large and professionally sound will be selected. A research project must be formulated, written up at a sufficiently intellectually demanding level by each student and presented to advisor/s to meet the following objectives: to develop the ability to define, plan and carry out a series of observations/experiments constituting an investigative piece of work which addresses the needs of the community; to enhance literature searching and critical reviewing skills.

 MeLS-452. Student Research Project, cr.hrs 2,

  Pre-requisite: ComH-302, ComH-205, ComH-202 

 Course Description

Topics of current interest to the student- advisor and the country at large and professionally sound will be selected. A research project must be formulated, written up at a sufficiently intellectually demanding level by each student and presented to advisor/s to meet the following objectives: to develop the ability to define, plan and carry out a series of observations/experiments constituting an investigative piece of work which addresses the needs of the community; to enhance literature searching and critical reviewing skills.

A research project must be, performed and written up at a sufficiently intellectually demanding level by each students to meet the following objectives: to plan and carry out a series of experiments constituting an investigative piece of work which addresses the needs of the community; to enhance literature searching and critical reviewing skills; to collect and compile data systematically using proper controls, analyze the collected data with appropriate statistics, to enable presentation of data graphically, as text and verbally, and to critically discuss those data; to increase confidence and knowledge from the successful completion and reporting of a piece of original work. Finally, each student is expected to defend his/her research project.

MeLS-416. Advanced and Research Lab Attaches, cr.hrs 2,  

Pre-requisite:  Practicum IV,  

Course Description

The student is attached to major hospital laboratories, regional laboratories, advanced and Research Institutes laboratories found at the vicinity and also in Addis Ababa and Debre – Zeit, where he/she can have exposure to the latest Hi-techs in the medical laboratory sciences available in the country. Students will also be exposed to high standard laboratories to understand the basic work flow in medical laboratory, patient reception, sample collection, registry; test analysis and result communication and documentation systems. Students will rotate for the periods of 5 days in different laboratories as appropriate, usually including AHRI, ALERT, ENHRI, NVI, ICL and IPB so as to boost the practical skill of the students

ComH-406. Rural Field Laboratory Practice/ Team Training Program, cr.hrs 4,  

Pre-requisite: Clinical practicum IV,   

PREREQUISITE COURSES

In order to strengthen the link between theoretical knowledge and the practical training program in the community/rural field laboratory practice, students are expected to take all the theoretical courses of the academic program before they go out for the field health laboratory practice.

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Community/Rural Field Laboratory Practice: is one from of Community based education (CBE) aimed at helping the students acquire first hand experience of working in the community and training health center which provide promotive, preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services. Medical laboratory students together with other health professionals are posted to study and work in Training Health Centres during their final year of studies in partial fulfilment of their course requirements.  During their stay of 8 weeks students are expected to function as service provider in the health service laboratory to enrich their practical knowledge and skills necessary to formulate and solve community health problems. While engaging themselves in the program, students are also expected to develop the skills of working in a team which exactly emulates the real working environment after their graduation.  The students who have passed through such an experience and training will have no difficult to work in a team with different professionals other than their field of study

MeLS-432. Comprehensive examination (internal and external examination), cr.hrs: NC (P/F)  

Pre-requisites:  All courses included in the curriculum,  

 Course Description:

The examination is designed to evaluate the overall professional competence (theoretical, practical) of students before their graduation. The internal examination will be given by the school or department and it may comprise written, practical and oral type questions which will be accounted as 60% of the comprehensive examination.

The external comprehensive examination will be offered after students go through all the theoretical courses and practical/clinical attachments as per the set aside curriculum. It is designed to evaluate professional competence of graduates by other senior professionals in the field, experts from sister Higher Institutions, Ministry of Health, and from Professional associations. The External examiners will be invited to conduct the examination. The examination may comprise written, practical and oral which will be accounted as 40% of the comprehensive examination.

 

 

 


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